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A Series of Free Baeumler Kaplan Events:
Nuremberg: Its Lesson for Today, the official U.S. government film about the first international trial to prosecute crimes against humanity, was completed in 1948. The film was commissioned by Pare Lorentz of the U.S. Department of War, written and directed by Stuart Schulberg, and edited by Joseph Zigman. The motion picture was designed to educate audiences on how the U.S., Great Britain, France, and the Soviet Union had built their case against the top Nazi leaders after World War II. Although shown widely in Germany, U.S. officials decided to suppress its American release for political reasons. As a result, it languished, more or less unseen, for six decades.
On Sunday, November 9, at 1 pm, in Weber Music Hall, the Duluth community is invited to finally see Nuremberg: Its Lesson for Today [The Schulberg/Waletzky Restoration]. Sandra Schulberg, Stuart’s daughter, worked with filmmaker Josh Waletzky to restore the original 35mm film and reconstruct the sound and music tracks. She will give a presentation about how the film evidence was gathered for the trial and how it was given a legal character — a first in the history of criminal justice. She will also discuss the making of Nuremberg: Its Lesson for Today, its suppression, and her quest to show the film across America and around the world.
Attorneys who see the film and attend the lecture can earn 3.5 Continuing Legal Education (CLE) credits.
This event is sponsored by the Baeumler Kaplan Holocaust Commemoration Committee and is free and open to the public. It is being held on the 76th anniversary of Kristallnacht, also known as the "Night of Broken Glass," when, in 1938, paramilitary forces and non-Jewish civilians ransacked Jewish homes, shops, hospitals, and schools, and burned and desecrated over 1,000 synagogues. German authorities did nothing to stop the violence. Many historians view these events as the beginning of the Holocaust.
The Lessons of Nuremberg Are Still Relevant Today
A recent New York Times article (Sept. 28, 2014) cited a resurgence in anti-Jewish demonstrations in Europe. At a pro-Palestinian rally in Belgium, some chanted, "Death to the Jews.” At a demonstration in Germany, marchers allegedly shouted, "Gas the Jews!" Anti-Semitic graffiti has marred the walls of synagogues. Concerned about the revival of simmering hatreds, European leaders have condemned these incidents. In other parts of the world, mass atrocities are still being committed against civilian populations, and the International Criminal Court — a legacy of the Nuremberg tribunals — has its hands full.
Nuremberg: Its Lesson for Today reminds modern audiences of the importance of the Nuremberg Principles and of the quest to solve conflict by substituting the rule of law for the use of force. “We have now translated Nuremberg into a dozen languages, including Arabic, Mandarin, Persian, Spanish and Swahili," Sandra Schulberg said. "Having just returned from showing the film in Uganda, I am continually amazed at its powerful effect on audiences who have little knowledge of the Holocaust, but who have experienced mass atrocities first hand in their own countries. This is a film that jumps the decades in its plea for respecting our common humanity. It seems to have a healing effect wherever it is shown and to inspire people to embrace tolerance as a condition for building peace in a civil society."
About Sandra Schulberg
Sandra Schulberg is a distinguished film producer and longtime advocate of "Off-Hollywood" filmmakers. In the late 70s, she founded the IFP, now the largest association of independent filmmakers in the U.S. She co-founded First Run Features in 1980 and served on the Sundance Film Festival advisory committee in its early days. Currently, she serves on the advisory committee of the Women's Film Preservation Fund and is a member of the Association of Moving Image Archivists and of New Day Films. As a producer, her many film credits include Beth B's Exposed, the Oscar-nominated Quills, Sundance Grand Prize-winner Waiting for the Moon, and Wildrose, which was filmed on the Mesabi Iron Range and in Bayfield, Wis. Besides restoring her father's film, Nuremberg: Its Lesson for Today, she collaborated with the Academy Film Archive to preserve two dozen Marshall Plan and OMGUS films. Sandra Schulberg holds a BA from Swarthmore College, and for the last decade has taught Feature Film Financing & International Co-Production to students of Columbia University’s Graduate Film Division.
In 2006, Sandra received a grant from the Righteous Persons Foundation to research and write a book with her uncle, Budd Schulberg, about the hunt for Nazi film and photographic evidence that was used at the Nuremberg trial. Based on family letters and documents, the resulting booklet, titled Filmmakers for the Prosecution, is included with the new digital edition of Nuremberg. She is also at work on a longer book, The Celluloid Noose.
About the Schulberg Brothers
Stuart Schulberg was studying journalism at the University of Chicago when World War II broke out. He enlisted in the Marine Corps and was assigned to the film unit of the Office of Strategic Services (OSS), headed by Hollywood film director John Ford. In the months leading up to the first Nuremberg trial, this unit was assigned to provide film evidence of Nazi crimes that could be presented in the courtroom. After completing Nuremberg: Its Lesson for Today, Stuart was named head of the Marshall Plan Motion Picture Section, which commissioned close to 300 films about the reconstruction of Europe. In the mid-1950s, he moved his family to the U.S. to produce his brother Budd’s screenplay, Wind Across the Everglades, for Warner Brothers. In 1961, Stuart joined NBC Television as co-producer of "David Brinkley’s Journal,” but is probably best-known as producer of NBC’s famed “Today” program. He died in 1979 at the age of 56.
By the time the U.S. entered WWII, Budd Schulberg had already achieved fame as the author of the best-selling novel, What Makes Sammy Run? As a U.S. Navy lieutenant, he was assigned to John Ford’s OSS film unit, alongside his younger brother, Stuart. Budd headed the search for Nazi film evidence and, with Ray Kellogg, supervised the compilation of The Nazi Plan and Nazi Concentration Camps. Both films were presented as evidence at the Nuremberg trial, and footage from both films was used by Stuart Schulberg in the creation of Nuremberg: Its Lesson for Today. Following the war, Budd Schulberg continued his writing career. His novels include The Harder They Fall (made into a movie with Jason Robards), The Disenchanted (about his friendship with F. Scott Fitzgerald), and Sanctuary V. His screenplays include A Face in the Crowd and On the Waterfront, for which he won an Academy Award. The Schulberg brothers collaborated on the long-running Broadway musical, What Makes Sammy Run?, adapted from Budd’s novel, and also on the NBC special, "The Angry Voices of Watts,” which dramatized works created at the Watts Writers Workshop, which Budd had founded after the Watts uprising. Budd Schulberg died in 2009 at the age of 95.
For more information about Nuremberg: Its Lesson for Today and the Nuremberg Principles, visit the website: www.nurembergfilm.org or contact: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Educational institutions and NGOs may obtain the digital edition through New Day Films: www.newday.com/film/nuremberg-its-lesson-today-schulbergwaletzky-restoration.
|Stuart Schulberg||Budd Schulberg|
About the Baeumler Kaplan Fund
Walter Baeumler was a professor of Sociology at UMD for 28 years. He was born in Nuremberg, Germany, and was inducted into the German army at age 16. At age 17, he was a veteran who escaped the Russians. He immigrated to the United States with his son and wife in 1955. He started teaching at UMD in 1965 and taught until his death in 1993. Baeumler and his friends, Walter and Goldie Eldot, established the Holocaust Commemorative Series at UMD while he taught classes on the subject. The Memorial Lecture Series was established to remember the lives and sufferings of Holocaust victims.
Mortrud Kaplan was a lifelong resident of Duluth and a registered pharmacist. Kaplan’s sister, Ida Grubnick, created a fund to memorialize her brother. She wished the commemoration to explore the plight of Jews and Judaism.
The purpose of the Baeumler Kaplan Fund is to provide resources for lectures, seminars, and presentations, dedicated to informing and educating people about the Holocaust, its victims, causes, consequences, lessons, and memory.
Written by Kathleen McQuillan-Hofmann
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